Nicosia (/ˌnɪkəˈsiːə/NIK-ə-SEE-ə; Greek:Λευκωσία[lefkoˈsi.a]; Turkish:Lefkoşa[lefˈkoʃa]); Armenian:Նիկոսիա) is the capital and largest city on the island of Cyprus, as well as its main business centre. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos.
Nicosia is the capital and seat of government of the Republic of Cyprus, and as such is the farthest southeast of all EU member states' capitals. It has been continuously inhabited for over 4,500 years and has been the capital of Cyprus since the 10th century. Nicosia was divided into the southern Greek Cypriot and the northern Turkish Cypriot parts in 1963, following the intercommunal violence that broke out in the city. Today, the northern part of the city is the capital of Northern Cyprus, a de facto state that is considered to be occupied Cypriot territory by the international community.
Apart from its legislative and administrative functions, Nicosia has established itself as the island's financial capital and its main international business centre. In 2012, the city was ranked as the 5th richest city in the world in relative purchasing power. It hosted the Miss Universe 2000 pageant.
The origin of Nicosia is uncertain; Engio, Erbita and Imachara are the three cities of antiquity with which historians have attempted to identify Nicosia with, but there is no evidence that the mentioned towns are in fact Nicosia.
The present name of the town suggests Greek origins: it is believed to get its name from Saint Nicholas (Νίκου Οίκος). Another theory suggests it is a derivative of the Greek saying "City of Victory" (Νίκης Οίκος).
The town is believed to stand on the site of the ancient Engynum.
The modern town was founded by Byzantine colonists in the 6th century. It expanded under the Arab domination and later under that of the Normans, who settled numerous immigrants from Lombardy and Piedmont, called "Lombards", giving rise to the Gallo-Italic dialect still spoken in the town and surrounds. King William II made Nicosia a royal city. It played an important strategic role, favoured by its position halfway between Palermo and Messina. It often gave hospitality to important figures, including Emperor Charles V.
The Nicosia district saw residential sales totalling €118.8 million during the third quarter of 2023, according to a report released on Wednesday by Cypriot firm AskWire... Furthermore, the Nicosia district leads the country in land sales, representing over one-third of the transactions in the third quarter.
Textiles designer Pantelidis was born and raised in Nicosia at the turn of the millennium and is now residing in Puglia, Italy, creating embroideries for fashion brands such as Chanel, Gucci, and Dolce & Gabbana... “I took photos of wastelands in Nicosia and used digital art to ...
NICOSIA, July 28 (Reuters) - Rival leaders on war-split Cyprus appealed on Friday for witnesses to help trace ... In a rare display of unity, he and PresidentNikos Christodoulides, the Greek Cypriot leader, met in no-man's-land dividing the Cypriot capital Nicosia on Friday.
NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Greece’s newly appointed defense minister on Thursday welcomed a deescalation of tensions in the eastern Mediterranean, expressing hope this would lead to a “climate of trust” without directly referring to Turkey... NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Greece’s newly ...
Separated by politics but united in pride, members of LGBTQ+ communities came together in celebration late on Saturday in the no-man’s-land that splits Cyprus in two. Setting off from opposing sides of Nicosia, Cyprus’s divided capital city, activists converged in a ...
According to Turkish-Cypriot daily Halkin Sesi, 29,530 Russian nationals flew to Ercan airport in occupied northern Nicosia last year, which represents a more than 500% increase compared to 2021, when just 4,822 had landed.
NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Half a century after U.S ...Apollo lunar landings, and the Artemis mission — whose Orion capsule is on its way... READ MORE. NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — Half a century after U.S ... Apollo lunar landings, and the Artemis mission — whose Orion capsule is on its way back to Earth after orbiting the moon ... Embassy in Nicosia at the time ... .
Yazidi refugees who come from the communities that suffered genocide under ISIS have found their way to Cyprus. According to an activist who works with the Yazidi minority and genocide survivors, a total of eight families arrived in Cyprus several weeks ago ... (credit ... Landing in Cyprus. However, recently several families ended up in Cyprus near Nicosia.