Nicosia (/ˌnɪkəˈsiːə/NIK-ə-SEE-ə; Greek:Λευκωσία[lefkoˈsi.a]; Turkish:Lefkoşa[lefˈkoʃa]); Armenian:Նիկոսիա) is the capital and largest city on the island of Cyprus, as well as its main business centre. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos.
Nicosia is the capital and seat of government of the Republic of Cyprus, and as such is the farthest southeast of all EU member states' capitals. It has been continuously inhabited for over 4,500 years and has been the capital of Cyprus since the 10th century. Nicosia was divided into the southern Greek Cypriot and the northern Turkish Cypriot parts in 1963, following the intercommunal violence that broke out in the city. Today, the northern part of the city is the capital of Northern Cyprus, a de facto state that is considered to be occupied Cypriot territory by the international community.
Apart from its legislative and administrative functions, Nicosia has established itself as the island's financial capital and its main international business centre. In 2012, the city was ranked as the 5th richest city in the world in relative purchasing power. It hosted the Miss Universe 2000 pageant.
The origin of Nicosia is uncertain; Engio, Erbita and Imachara are the three cities of antiquity with which historians have attempted to identify Nicosia with, but there is no evidence that the mentioned towns are in fact Nicosia.
The present name of the town suggests Greek origins: it is believed to get its name from Saint Nicholas (Νίκου Οίκος). Another theory suggests it is a derivative of the Greek saying "City of Victory" (Νίκης Οίκος).
The town is believed to stand on the site of the ancient Engynum.
The modern town was founded by Byzantine colonists in the 6th century. It expanded under the Arab domination and later under that of the Normans, who settled numerous immigrants from Lombardy and Piedmont, called "Lombards", giving rise to the Gallo-Italic dialect still spoken in the town and surrounds. King William II made Nicosia a royal city. It played an important strategic role, favoured by its position halfway between Palermo and Messina. It often gave hospitality to important figures, including Emperor Charles V.
Israeli sports are back in business this weekend after a two-week break due to the nationwide lockdown ... current campaign for APOELNicosia in Cyprus ... After only nine games for APOEL Nicosia, the Portuguese defender will make his way back to the HolyLand to the delight of fans and management alike as the yellow-and-blue looks ... Raymond Atteveld ... place ... .
NICOSIA ... His tent is pitched between two checkpoints in western Nicosia, among the weeds outside an abandoned house in the quasi-“no man’s land” that separates the northern and southern parts of Cyprus, which has been divided since 1974 ... of land that divides the two territories.
When the jet landed, the hijackers identified themselves as PFLP and told the passengers they were in a “friendly country,” Jordan... When we landed in Nicosia, someone from the American Consulate lectured us about the suffering of the Palestinians.
NICOSIA (Reuters) – Deniz Birinci had just hours ... For now, the anxious mother Birinci is able to see members of her family once a week across metal barricades in the no-man’s-land controlled by the United Nations at a checkpoint in Nicosia, but no touching is allowed.
The man had been placed in isolation in the north Nicosia... The couple were part of a group of some 30 tourists from Balingen who landing at Ercan airport in north Nicosia on Sunday evening and took a tour bus to Famagusta where they checked in at a local hotel on the eastern coast.
‘What’s your family background?’ But Mark Chenian nods gravely, sitting in the executive lounge on the top floor of the Landmark in Nicosia... school in Nicosia, his own alma mater. He wanted the land sold and the school relocated to L.A., where the diaspora has largely shifted.
City ManagerSusanNicosia said in October the city also approved a 48-lot residential subdivision on 55 acres off U.S ... “Mick and his team are looking at the best and highest use of that land,” Nicosia said ... Nicosia also notes that the city’s industrial park has 90 acres listed for sale.
NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — As the world commemorates 30 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the bullet-riddled sandstone walls of abandoned, crumbling homes and concrete machine gun nests dotting Cyprus' no man's land serve as a jarring reminder of another divided capital — the world's last — on Europe's southeastern frontier.
Irish online auctioneer Bidx1 will sell its first Spanish properties this week after doing €9.5 million worth of deals in its most recently opened market, Cyprus...Last week, Bidx1 sold €9.5 million worth of homes, shops, offices and land in various cities in Cyprus, including Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia and Paphos ... ‘Dynamic’ market ... Origin in 2011 ... .
Cypriot Foreign Minister Nicos Christodoulides told a memorial ceremony in Nicosia that Cypriots "do not forget the invasion and occupation of their lands and hope for new negotiations which will lead to the reunification (of Cyprus) in a federal solution and to the end of the occupation of the island.".