Nicosia (/ˌnɪkəˈsiːə/NIK-ə-SEE-ə; Greek:Λευκωσία[lefkoˈsi.a]; Turkish:Lefkoşa[lefˈkoʃa]); Armenian:Նիկոսիա) is the capital and largest city on the island of Cyprus, as well as its main business centre. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos.
Nicosia is the capital and seat of government of the Republic of Cyprus, and as such is the farthest southeast of all EU member states' capitals. It has been continuously inhabited for over 4,500 years and has been the capital of Cyprus since the 10th century. Nicosia was divided into the southern Greek Cypriot and the northern Turkish Cypriot parts in 1963, following the intercommunal violence that broke out in the city. Today, the northern part of the city is the capital of Northern Cyprus, a de facto state that is considered to be occupied Cypriot territory by the international community.
Apart from its legislative and administrative functions, Nicosia has established itself as the island's financial capital and its main international business centre. In 2012, the city was ranked as the 5th richest city in the world in relative purchasing power. It hosted the Miss Universe 2000 pageant.
The origin of Nicosia is uncertain; Engio, Erbita and Imachara are the three cities of antiquity with which historians have attempted to identify Nicosia with, but there is no evidence that the mentioned towns are in fact Nicosia.
The present name of the town suggests Greek origins: it is believed to get its name from Saint Nicholas (Νίκου Οίκος). Another theory suggests it is a derivative of the Greek saying "City of Victory" (Νίκης Οίκος).
The town is believed to stand on the site of the ancient Engynum.
The modern town was founded by Byzantine colonists in the 6th century. It expanded under the Arab domination and later under that of the Normans, who settled numerous immigrants from Lombardy and Piedmont, called "Lombards", giving rise to the Gallo-Italic dialect still spoken in the town and surrounds. King William II made Nicosia a royal city. It played an important strategic role, favoured by its position halfway between Palermo and Messina. It often gave hospitality to important figures, including Emperor Charles V.
More than 7,000 free tickets have been given out for Friday’s papal Mass in the football stadium on the edge of Nicosia, the Cypriot capital ... Ahead of the pope’s visit, the Cyprus government leased land in Nicosia for the construction of a Vatican embassy.
NICOSIA - PopeFrancis visits Cyprus this week to lend his support to a conflict-riven island now on the front line of a new migratory route for people fleeing their countries for Europe. In central Nicosia, nothing tells the story of an influx in arrivals more than the small courtyard area outside the Church of the Holy Cross.
NICOSIA (Reuters) – PopeFrancis visits Cyprus this week to lend his support to a conflict-riven island now on the front line of a new migratory route for people fleeing their countries for Europe. In central Nicosia, nothing tells the story of an influx in arrivals more than the small courtyard area outside the Church of the Holy Cross.
They then asked that the flight could head back towards Europe, aiming to land in Nicosia, Cyprus... This prompted them to alter the course back towards Iraq, where they demanded to be allowed to land in Baghdad ... Following these rejected landings, the aircraft was eventually permitted to land in Dubai, UAE as it was running low on fuel.
“Thanks to the sponsorship they provided us, but also the donation of land in the area of Flasou in Nicosia district by volunteers, who were already actively involved in our activities, this goal will be achieved very soon.” ... The Nicosia-based organisation cooperates with various public and private bodies such as universities and schools.
NICOSIA -- In another example of air rage – although this time after a plane landed and not about COVID masks – police on Cyprus charged a man who refused to put out a cigarette with attacking a flight ...
Israeli sports are back in business this weekend after a two-week break due to the nationwide lockdown ... current campaign for APOELNicosia in Cyprus ... After only nine games for APOEL Nicosia, the Portuguese defender will make his way back to the HolyLand to the delight of fans and management alike as the yellow-and-blue looks ... Raymond Atteveld ... place ... .
NICOSIA ... His tent is pitched between two checkpoints in western Nicosia, among the weeds outside an abandoned house in the quasi-“no man’s land” that separates the northern and southern parts of Cyprus, which has been divided since 1974 ... of land that divides the two territories.
When the jet landed, the hijackers identified themselves as PFLP and told the passengers they were in a “friendly country,” Jordan... When we landed in Nicosia, someone from the American Consulate lectured us about the suffering of the Palestinians.